From 1908 on Lyonel Feininger regularly stayed on the island of Usedom. He found the motif for the present etching in the then very popular Baltic sea spa Swinemünde. The etching originated at a time when Feininger, under the influence of Cubism, began to develop his own prism-like variant of this style. However, it does not show in this etching
The etching is in overall good condition. There are occasional short creases at the sheet edges, the upper and left margin is martially minor rippled. The sheet is hinged to a mat at the reverse upper corners.
Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956)
Lyonel Feininger moved from New York to Germany at the age of 16. He studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule Hamburg, the Royal Academy in Berlin and later in Paris under the sculptor Filippo Colarossi. Back in Berlin he worked as a commercial caricaturist for various magazines. In 1906 Feininger visited Paris again where he met Robert Delaunay and Henri Matisse. Five years later six of Feininger’s works were shown at the ‘Salon des Artistes Indépendants’. The artist became acquainted with Cubism and in Germany he got to know the members of the artists’ groups Brücke and Blauer Reiter. In 1919, he was hired by Walter Gropius as the head of the graphic workshop at the newly founded Bauhaus. Since Feininger’s works were considered ‘degenerate art’ during the Nazi regime, the artist moved back to the United States in the late 1930s, continuously working with German subject matters. In 1944 the Museum of Modern Art showed a first retrospective of the artist together with the American painter Marsden Hartley. The MoMA still houses some of Feininger’s work. Today Lyonel Feininger is known as one of the most important artists of the classical modern period whose works are represented in the most renowned museums worldwide. (fea)