Modern art is the term given to styles and movements from the late 19th century to around the 1950’s, including Expressionism, Cubism, Surrealism, Futurism, and even the beginning of Abstract Expressionism. This post-industrial revolution period was rife with technological advances, world-changing inventions, and sweeping political change.
Consequently, many artists active during this time incorporated themes relating to these issues and made use of new inventions such as photography. Although many artists continued to work with traditional materials and in a style consistent with previous trends, the period gave birth to many artists that favored new modes of expression. This fresh spirit can be seen in a variety of works produced during this lively period, whether it is in Cezanne’s opposition to Impressionist aeshetics or later in Duchamp’s “Readymade” sculptures created from found objects.
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